As we age, ridges and wrinkles occur on the skin in areas perpendicular to the underlying muscles of the face. These wrinkles are caused by the repeated forces generated by the muscle activity in the everyday expression of emotion, and it is these muscles that are sensitive to Botox.
Botox in injection produces a loss of function of the exposed muscle which begins within 24 hours of injection and generally lasts for 4 to 6 months. The muscles slowly regain their activity and most people find that by 4 months they have enough activity returning that they choose to have a second injection.
The areas most commonly addressed by the use of Botox are the forehead horizontal wrinkles, the wrinkles located between the brows which are oftentimes both vertical and horizontal in orientation, and the crows feet areas of the outer eyes. It is also very useful in the softening or reducing the banding of the neck which is more commonly referred to as the turkey gobbler look.
The injections are anatomically placed in locations overlying the most active areas of the muscles themselves. This treatment is sage and effective with a high patient satisfaction rate.
Two beneficial side effects of injection can occur, the first is relief from tension headaches, such headaches usually disappeared during the duration of the Botox effect. Paralysis of the muscles located centrally in the bow also produce a temporary brow lift.
In conclusion, I would like to point out that Botox therapy for cosmetic purposes has been used clinically now for over 15 years with an established record of safety and efficiency Botox injections have been a wonderful addition to the numerous procedures available for the face rejuvenation and I expect it to continue to have a significant impact in the future.